The liver continuously filters blood that circulates through the body, converting nutrients and drugs absorbed from the digestive tract into ready-to-use chemicals. The liver performs many other important functions, such as removing toxins and other chemical waste products from the blood and readying them for excretion. Because all the blood in the body must pass through it, the liver is unusually accessible to cancer cells traveling in the bloodstream.
Liver cancer or hepatic cancer is a cancer that originates in the liver. Liver cancers are malignant tumors that grow on the surface or inside the liver.
The bladder is a hollow, muscular, balloon-like organ that collects and stores urine. It is in the lower part of the abdomen (the pelvis). An abnormal growth found in the bone is called bone cancer. Cancer that starts in a bone is uncommon and Cancer that has spread to the bone from another part of the body is more common.
An abnormal growth found in the bone is called bone cancer. Cancer that starts in a bone is uncommon and Cancer that has spread to the bone from another part of the body is more common.
The brain stem is the central hub of the brain and central nervous system connecting the brain and the spinal cord. It includes the midbrain, pons and medulla. Brain stem gliomas account for approximately 10% of pediatric brain tumors.
Breast cancer is a group of cancer cells (malignant tumor) that starts in the cells of the breast and invade surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body.
An operation to repair or remove part of your body to diagnose or treat cancer remains the foundation of cancer treatment. Your doctor may use cancer surgery to achieve any number of goals, from diagnosing and treating your cancer to relieving the symptoms it causes.
Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly. But it can also harm healthy cells that divide quickly, such as those that line your mouth and intestines or cause your hair to grow. Damage to healthy cells may cause side effects. Often, side effects get better or go away after chemotherapy is over.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects how the person moves, including how they speak and write. Symptoms develop gradually, and may start off with ever-so-slight tremors in one hand. People with Parkinson’s disease also experience stiffness and find they cannot carry out movements as rapidly as before.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (also called CLL) is a blood and bone marrow disease that usually gets worse slowly. Like all leukemias, chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) affects a certain type of white blood cell, called a B lymphocyte. This disease is also called B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. B cells originate in the bone marrow, mature in the lymph nodes, and then circulate in the blood to help fight infections. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the second most common type of leukemia in adults.
The lungs absorb oxygen from the air and bring the oxygen into the bloodstream for delivery to the rest of the body. As the body’s cells use oxygen, they release carbon dioxide. The bloodstream carries carbon dioxide back to the lungs, and the carbon dioxide leaves the body when a person exhales.
Radiation therapy (sometimes abbreviated to XRT or DXT) is a cancer treatment. Its goal is to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Unlike cancer cells, most of your normal cells recover from radiation therapy. Doctors try to protect normal cells by limiting the radiation dosage and spreading treatment out over time. When they use radiation machines, they shield as much of your body as possible while targeting the cancer.
Targeted therapy is used to keep cancer from growing and spreading. To become cancer cells, normal cells go through a process called carcinogenesis. Cancer cells may then grow into tumors or reproduce throughout a body system, like blood cancers do. Targeted therapy disrupts this process. The drugs target certain parts of the cellular changes and signals that are needed for a cancer to develop and keep growing. These drugs are often grouped by how they work, or what part of the cell they target.
A Brain Tumor is an abnormal growth of cells within the brain, which can be cancerous or non-cancerous (benign).
Radiation to the head
An inherited (genetic) risk
Environmental toxins (for example, chemicals used in oil refineries, embalming chemicals, rubber industry chemicals)
The junction where the femur and tibia couple together is called the femorotibial joint. The region of the knee where the patella and femur form a junction is called the patella femoral joint. These two joints are what allow the bending and straightening of the knee. It is these joints that are replaced in a total knee joint replacement.